This Clinical Practice Guideline document is based on the best information available as of March2009, with a final updated literature search of December 2008. It is designed to provideinformation and assist decision-making. It is not intended to define a standard of care, andshould not be construed as one, nor should it be interpreted as prescribing an exclusive course ofmanagement.
Variations in practice will inevitably and appropriately occur when clinicians take intoaccount the needs of individual patients, available resources, and limitations unique to aninstitution or type of practice. Every health-care professional making use of theserecommendations is responsible for evaluating the appropriateness of applying them in thesetting of any particular clinical situation. The recommendations for research contained withinthis document are general and do not imply a specific protocol.
SECTION II: DISCLOSURE
Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes （KDIGO） makes every effort to avoid any actual orreasonably perceived conflicts of interest that may arise as a result of an outside relationship or apersonal, professional, or business interest of a member of the Work Group.
All members of the Work Group are required to complete, sign, and submit a disclosure andattestation form showing all such relationships that might be perceived or actual conflicts ofinterest. This document is updated annually and information is adjusted accordingly. Allreported information is published in its entirety at the end of this document in the Work Groupmembers' Biographical and Disclosure Information section, and is kept on file at the KDIGOadministration office.